local producers. For example, in the autumn of 1926, the State-Owned Nitric Compounds Factory in Chorzów took advantage of a rediscount loan in PBR in the amount of 3 mil- lion zloty. PBR was planning another loan tranche for the Nitric Compounds Factory for September and October in the amount of 4.5 million zloty35. The State-Owned Nitric Compounds Factory in Chorzów, after merging with the Nitric Compounds Factory in Mościce in 1933, changed its name to United Nitric Compounds Factories in Mościce and Chorzów. The United Factories were the biggest chemical conglomerate in the Second Republic of Poland. Currently the Nitric Plant in Chorzów is part of the Azoty SA Group.

PBR was also strongly involved in construction and modernization of the meat industry. In the inter-war period, it took over and operated 3 meat processing plants: State Meat Processing Plants in Dębica with a branch in Tarnów; State Meat Processing Plants in Chodorów and Cooperative Meat Processing Plant Wołkowysk. These meat processing plants were among the biggest in Poland and produced bacon, ham, tinned meat, lard and cold meats both for the domestic market and for exports. In 1938, the Meat Pro- cessing Plants in Dębica purchased for its production 55.6 thousand pigs, 100 thousand calves, 500 cattle and 342 thousand kg of eggs for exports. The total sales turnover this year amounted to 8 million zloty, including 5.7 million zloty for exports. Such results were possible thanks to PBR s investments in the amount of 545 thousand zloty, which were earmarked for purchase of machinery and equipment, and for working capital in the amount of 1.1 million zloty. In addition, in 1939, on the demand of the Ministry of Military Affairs, the bank invested further 100 thousand zloty in production of tinned meat36. In connection with the processing activity, PBR expanded the cold stores and warehouses in Poland, establishing a limited liability company under the name Cold Stores and Ware- houses in Gdynia , where the bank was an 80% shareholder37.

PBR s situation at the beginning of WWII

At the time of the outbreak of the Second World War, PBR s president was Maurycy Jaroszyński, deputy president Kazimierz Stamirowski, the supervisory board members included Czesław Bobrowski (Ministry of Agriculture and Agricultural Reforms), Wiktor Leśniewski (Ministry of Agriculture and Agricultural Reforms), Kazimierz Papera (Towar- zystwo Kredytowe Ziemskie), Witold Staniewicz (Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego) and Juliusz Trzciński, and the audit commission was made up of Józef Kucza, Konstanty Łubieński, Stanisław Szymański, Feliks Woliński and Antoni Wróblewski. PBR s man- agement was composed of director general, Wacław Staniszewski, and directors Piotr Bardecki, Karol Kasiński and Stanisław Riedl. PBR commissioners on behalf of the Ministry

35. Loans for artificial fertilizers, Rolnik Ekonomista 1926, vol. I, p. 498-499, no author.

36. National Archive in Kraków (ANK), Państwowy Bank Rolny in Kraków (PBR Kraków), ref. no. 351, memo on the State Meat Processing Plants in Dębica, 10 September 1945, no pagination; Letter of the Agricultural Industry Division to the Treasury Ministry, 28 August 1945.

37. ANK, PBR Kraków, ref. no. 351, memo on the State Meat Processing Plants in Dębica, 10 September 1945, no pagination.

NOWY ODDZIAŁ PAŃSTWOWEGO BANKU ROLNEGO W LUBLINIE PRZY

ULICY SZOPENA 6 WIDOK ZEWNĘTRZNY (1935 R.)

EXTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEW BANK ROLNY BRANCH IN LUBLIN, AT 6,

SZOPENA (CHOPIN) STREET - 1935

106 T H E H I S T O R Y O F B G Z